In many countries the politicians still hire relatives and their tribesmates, but their quality has improved. Because of the expansion of education, they are no longer the ill-educated villagers of years gone by.
From June to November this year, at least 526 civilians were killed and 1,087 abducted or kidnapped for ransom in eastern DRC.
Kabila’s government fears that if opposition leader Tshisekedi’s body is flown back to the DRC it will become the trigger for opposition protests.
“In African culture the police are there to intimidate, to coerce.” In Nigeria many stations have an informal torture officer.
“Extrajudicial executions, arbitrary arrests and detention, torture, sexual violence, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and enforced disappearances” continue in Burundi, says UN Commission of Enquiry.