The book also highlights Nyerere’s power consolidation through overt and covert means. However, his voluntary retirement from the presidency in 1985 meant that he took the elder statesman mantle.
The senior Kabila followed the path of “Mobutism without Mobutu.” His son, Joseph Kabila, has perfected it.
It’s the world’s fastest-growing refugee crisis. One million have crossed into Uganda, and an additional “million or even more” are in Ethiopia, Kenya, DR Congo, and Central African Republic.
The potential quandary for Kagame is that Rwanda could become his “Hotel California” of which The Eagles famously sung: he can check out, but he can never leave.
In this election Kagame was really not running against Frank Habineza or Philippe Mpayimana. His real competition were three “invisible” candidates – Rwandan history, Rwandan geography, and the Rwandan land.