It would be misleading to see Rwanda as a “donor darling” only during Kagame’s time – it was even before the genocide. Kagame himself has little interest in what donors say or do.
Among the targets of violent threats has been former president Domitien Ndayizeye after he spoke out against the ruling party’s youth wing’s call for female opposition supporters to be raped or even killed.
In the cases of Malawi and Nigeria, the fight against corruption has clearly been favoured by changes in government.
The potential quandary for Kagame is that Rwanda could become his “Hotel California” of which The Eagles famously sung: he can check out, but he can never leave.
In this election Kagame was really not running against Frank Habineza or Philippe Mpayimana. His real competition were three “invisible” candidates – Rwandan history, Rwandan geography, and the Rwandan land.