At every stage of wealth creation profits are often redistributed according to private interests. African leaders see themselves as best placed to serve both the national interest and political-ethnic groups they represent.
“Extrajudicial executions, arbitrary arrests and detention, torture, sexual violence, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and enforced disappearances” continue in Burundi, says UN Commission of Enquiry.
Among the targets of violent threats has been former president Domitien Ndayizeye after he spoke out against the ruling party’s youth wing’s call for female opposition supporters to be raped or even killed.
Human rights violations are “being committed in a more clandestine, but equally brutal, manner” than in the past. The UN predicts Burundian refugees will top 500,000 by the end of the year.
Does Nkurunziza hope to tap into the anti-Rwanda sentiment that runs in SADC, fuelled partly by rivalry between Kigali and DRC, a SADC member?