“In African culture the police are there to intimidate, to coerce.” In Nigeria many stations have an informal torture officer.
In Gambia an entrenched autocrat was forced from power. In Ghana, a sitting president lost an election for the first time, but…
In the cases of Malawi and Nigeria, the fight against corruption has clearly been favoured by changes in government.
In Benin’s capital Cotonou, Togo’s Lomé and Burkina Faso’s Ouagadougou the informal sector accounts for over 80% of non-agricultural employment.
Boko Haram militants have killed more than 20,000 people and displaced more than 2 million others in north east Nigeria since 2009.