In 100 countries the state forbids women from working in some professions. In 18 nations husbands can legally deny wives permission to work, including Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, DRC, Gabon, Guinea, Mauritania, Niger, and Sudan.
Uganda was the first post-conflict country where this trend became evident in Africa, with Rwanda next taking it to a whole new level, achieving what Nordic countries had done over the course of 100 years.
“During a party at my compound a senior manager grabbed me by the arms and stuck his tongue down my throat”
In apartheid South Africa, the “pencil test” – inserting a pencil into hair and testing whether it would hold or fall out – was used to determine proximity to whiteness, and access to political, social and economic privileges