Border disputes have proliferated, as only a third of Africa’s 83,000 km of land borders are properly demarcated!
Angola’s Lourenço, Zimbabwe’s Mnangagwa and South Africa’s Ramaphosa all made star turns at last week’s World Economic Forum in Davos, visibly signalling re-entry into the global community.
In April IOM warned that its staff in Niger and Libya had “documented shocking events on North African migrant routes, which they have described as “slave markets”.
After its peacekeeepers were killed in South Sudan and Mali, many Chinese citizens demanded revenge.
Zuma was more subtle – he captured the state by proxy, through his business cronies the Gupta brothers. Angola’s Dos Santos disregarded such niceties and carried out a smash and grab.